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Claudet & Houghton was founded in 1834 by George Houghton and Antoine Claudet, and subsequently underwent several mergers that resulted in numerous name changes.

- The company was known as George Houghton & Son (1867-1892), then as George Houghton & Sons until 1903, and then George Houghton & Sons Ltd.
- When the company merged with Holmes Bros., A.C. Jackson, Spratt Bros. and Joseph Levi & Co. in 1904, the business became Houghton’s Ltd.

- In 1915, after establishing a partnership with W. Butcher & Sons Ltd., the company traded as Houghton – Butcher Manufacturing Co. Ltd. until 1926, when the name was changed to Houghton – Butcher (Great Britain) Ltd.

- In 1930 the business was renamed again, this time as Ensign, after their most successful line of cameras. Interestingly, the Ensign name derived from the 'N' sign logo.
- After a later merger with Elliot & Sons Ltd. in 1945 the company became Barnet Ensign Ltd.
- After another merger with Ross, the company became Barnet Ensign Ross Ltd. in 1948.
- Finally, in 1954 the name was changed for the last time, to Ross – Ensign Ltd. The company discontinued the manufacture of cameras, and was dissolved, in 1961.

Houghton film sizes description can be found at the earlyphotography site.

Houghton cameras: Years of manufacture:
A.A. Verifying camera c1940   Photo
Aerial Camera c1930s   PhotoWishlist
Aerial G 28 c1944  
Ariel c1906  
Autolet c1906  
Automatic Magazine Camera c1891   PhotoRarity index
British Ensign (Flat Back Ensign) c1905   Collection
Briton c1906   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Carbine Box No.3 c1923   PhotoCollectionfor_sale
Coronet c1900s  
Daguerreotype Tropical Sliding Box c1845   Photo
Dalo c1903-1905   Photo
Duchess 1900   Photo
Duo-Ensign 2 1/4 B (box, colored) c1930s   Collectionfor_sale
Duo-Ensign 2 1/4 B (box) c1930s   Collectionfor_sale
Empress c1900-1920   Photo
Ensign (Pocket Ensign, Regular Ensign) c1909-1925   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign 2 1/2 (box, brown) c1923   Collectionfor_sale
Ensign 2 1/2 (box) c1912-1920s   PhotoCollectionfor_sale
Ensign 2 1/4 A (box, brown) c1923  
Ensign 2 1/4 A (box) c1912-1920s   PhotoCollection
Ensign 2 1/4 B (box, brown) c1923   Collection
Ensign 2 1/4 B (box, red) c1912  
Ensign 2 1/4 B (box) c1912-1920s   PhotoRarity indexCommentsCollection
Ensign 2 1/4 B RR (box, brown) c1923   PhotoCollection
Ensign 3 1/2 (box) c1912  
Ensign 3 1/4 (box) c1912   Collectionfor_sale
Ensign All Distance (box, black) c1927   PhotoManualCollection
Ensign All Distance (box, colored) c1927   Collection
Ensign All Distance Pocket No.1 (black) c1928   PhotoCollection
Ensign All Distance Pocket No.1 (colored) c1928   Collection
Ensign All Distance Pocket No.2 (black) c1929   Rarity indexCollection
Ensign All Distance Twenty (box, 1920s) c1920s   PhotoCollection
Ensign All Distance Twenty (box, 1936) 1936   Collection
Ensign Auto Kinecam 16 c1930s  
Ensign Auto Kinecam 16B c1935   Collection
Ensign Autorange 16-20 c1953   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign Autorange 20 c1934   PhotoCollection
Ensign Autorange 220 c1937-1940s   PhotoCollection
Ensign Autorange 820 c1955   PhotochartRarity indexComments
Ensign Autospeed c1932   Photo
Ensign Cadet c1924   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign Cameo c1927-1938   PhotoCollection
Ensign Cameo Luxus c1927-1938  
Ensign Cameo Stereo c1908   Photo
Ensign Carbine c1920s-1930s   PhotoRarity indexManualCollection
Ensign Carbine (rangefinder) c1920s-1930s   PhotoRarity index
Ensign Carbine Tropen (Tropical) 1926-1931   PhotoCollection
Ensign Cinematograph c1914   Photo
Ensign Cinematograph Tropen (Tropical) c1914   Photo
Ensign Clubman 1954-1957   Collection
Ensign Commando c1946-1950s   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign Commando (military) c1945  
Ensign Cupid 1922   PhotoCollectionWishlist
Ensign de Luxe c1909-1925   PhotoCollection
Ensign Deluxe Reflex c1910-1930s   Collection
Ensign Double 8 c1935   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign Duo (box, colored) c1930s  
Ensign Duo (box) c1930s   Collection
Ensign E20 (box, colored) c1927  
Ensign E20 (box) c1927   PhotoCollection
Ensign E26 (box) c1929  
Ensign E29 (box, colored) c1924-1932   PhotoCollection
Ensign E29 (box) c1924-1932   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign E29 Duo (box) c1924-1932  
Ensign E29 Portrait (box) c1929   PhotoCollection
Ensign Focal Plane c1926  
Ensign Focal Plane Rollfilm Reflex 1929   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign Focal Plane Rollfilm Reflex Tropical 1925   Photo
Ensign Folding Reflex c1914   Photo
Ensign Ful-Vue 1946-1949   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign Ful-Vue (box) 1939-1941   PhotoCollection
Ensign Ful-Vue (II, black) 1950-1953   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign Ful-Vue (II, colored) 1950-1953   Rarity indexCommentsCollection
Ensign Ful-Vue Super 1954-1959   PhotoCollection
Ensign Fulvueflex (Synchroflash) 1957-1959   PhotoCollection
Ensign Greyhound c1950   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign J-B (Junior Box) c1932   PhotoCommentsCollectionfor_sale
Ensign Kinecam 4 c1932  
Ensign Kinecam 6 c1933  
Ensign Ladies Bag Camera c1926   Photo
Ensign Mascot (A3) c1910  
Ensign Mascot (D3) c1910  
Ensign Mickey Mouse 1935   PhotoRarity indexCollectionfor_sale
Ensign Midget 22 c1935   PhotoRarity indexCollectionWishlist
Ensign Midget 33 c1934   PhotoRarity indexManualCollectionWishlist
Ensign Midget 55 c1934   PhotoRarity indexManualCollectionWishlist
Ensign Midget Silver Jubilee (S33) c1935   Rarity indexCommentsCollection
Ensign Midget Silver Jubilee (S55) c1935   PhotoCollection
Ensign Model D c1906  
Ensign Model V c1906-1909   PhotoRarity indexManual
Ensign Multex (No.0, Ross Xpres 1.9/53mm) 1937-1938   Photo
Ensign Multex (No.0) 1937-1938   PhotoRarity indexCollectionWishlist
Ensign Multex (No.1) 1936   PhotoRarity indexWishlist
Ensign Pocket 20 c1932   PhotoManualCollection
Ensign Pocket E-20 c1938-1939   PhotoCollection
Ensign Popular Reflex c1910-1930s   PhotoManualCollection
Ensign Popular Reflex Tropen (Tropical) c1910-1930s   Photo
Ensign Popular Sport (folding) c1924-1925  
Ensign Pressman Reflex c1910s   PhotoManualCollection
Ensign Ranger c1948   PhotoCollection
Ensign Ranger II c1951   PhotoRarity indexManualCollection
Ensign Ranger Special c1953  
Ensign Reflex c1910-1930s   Collection
Ensign Roll Film Reflex (2 1/4 B, horizontal) c1920s   PhotoRarity indexCollectionfor_sale
Ensign Roll Film Reflex (2 1/4 B, vertical) c1920s   PhotoCollectionfor_sale
Ensign Roll Film Reflex Tropen (Tropical) c1920s   PhotoCollection
Ensign Selfix 12-20 c1952   PhotoCommentsCollection
Ensign Selfix 12-20 Special c1954  
Ensign Selfix 16-20 c1950s   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensign Selfix 20 c1933-1937   PhotoManualCollection
Ensign Selfix 220 c1937   PhotoCollection
Ensign Selfix 320 1938   CommentsCollection
Ensign Selfix 420 c1940   PhotoRarity indexManualCollection
Ensign Selfix 820 c1950s   PhotoRarity indexManualCollection
Ensign Selfix 820 Special c1953   PhotoCollection
Ensign Selfix Carbine c1908   Photo
Ensign Simplex Pocket Model CC c1939  
Ensign Special Reflex c1930s   PhotoCollection
Ensign Special Reflex Tropen (Tropical) c1925   PhotoCollection
Ensign Speed Film Reflex 1929   Photo
Ensign Speed Film Reflex Tropen (Tropical) 1925  
Ensign Super Kinecam c1931   Photo
Ensign Super Speed Cameo c1927-1938  
Ensign Superbe c1909   Photo
Ensign Victo c1900s   Photo
Ensignette Junior 2 1/4 B c1914-1916  
Ensignette Junior 2A c1914-1916   PhotoWishlist
Ensignette Junior 2J c1914-1916   PhotoCollection
Ensignette Ladies Bag Camera (No.1, aluminum) c1926   PhotoWishlist
Ensignette No.1 c1909-1920s   PhotoRarity indexCommentsManualCollection
Ensignette No.1 (anastigmat, aluminum) c1920  
Ensignette No.1 (anastigmat, brass) c1910   PhotoCollection
Ensignette No.1 (anastigmat, nickel) c1912  
Ensignette No.1 (gilt) c1910   Photo
Ensignette No.1 (nickel) c1911-1920s   PhotoCollection
Ensignette No.2 c1912   PhotoRarity indexCollectionWishlist
Ensignette No.2 (aluminum) c1920s   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Ensignette No.2 (anastigmat, nickel) c1912   PhotoCollection
Ensignette No.2 (gilt) c1912  
Ensignette No.2 (nickel) c1912  
Ensignette No.2 (silver) c1912  
Ensignette No.2 De Luxe (anastigmat) c1912-1920s   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Flush Back Ensign c1914-1922   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Folding Ensign c1911-1925   PhotoCollection
Folding Ensign (oblong) c1911   Photo
Folding Ensign Junior 1912   Photo
Folding Klito c1900s-1916   PhotoCollection
Folding Klito De Luxe c1913-1918   Photo
Folding Klito Junior 1915   PhotoCollection
Folding Scout No.0 c1906  
Folding Scout No.1 c1906   Photo
Folding Scout No.2 c1906   Photo
Folding Scout No.3 c1906   Photo
Folding Scout No.4 c1906  
Folding Scout No.6 c1906  
Holborn Ilex No.0 c1905-1906  
Holborn Ilex No.00 c1905-1906   Photo
Holborn Ilex No.000 c1905-1906   Photo
Holborn Ilex No.1 c1905-1906   Photo
Holborn Ilex No.1 P.C. c1905-1906   Photo
Holborn Ilex No.10 c1905-1906  
Holborn Ilex No.10a c1905-1906  
Holborn Ilex No.10e c1905-1906  
Holborn Ilex No.2 c1905-1906  
Holborn Ilex No.3 c1905-1906   Photo
Holborn Ilex No.3a c1905-1906   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Holborn Ilex No.3b c1905-1906  
Holborn Ilex No.4 c1905-1906  
Holborn Ilex No.5 c1905-1906   PhotoCommentsCollection
Holborn Ilex No.5 P.C. c1905-1906   PhotoCollection
Holborn Ilex No.5a c1905-1906   PhotoCollection
Holborn Ilex No.5b c1905-1906  
Holborn Ilex No.5c c1905-1906  
Holborn Ilex No.6 c1905-1906   PhotoCollection
Holborn Ilex No.6a c1905-1906   Photo
Holborn Ilex No.6e c1905-1906   Photo
Holborn Ilex No.7 c1906  
Holborn Ilex No.7a c1906  
Holborn Ilex No.8 c1905-1906   Photo
Holborn Ilex No.8 Tropical c1905-1906   Photo
Holborn Ilex No.8a c1905-1906  
Holborn Magazine Camera c1900-1905  
Holborn Postage Stamp Camera c1901   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Holborn Reflex No.1 c1895-1906   Photo
Holborn Reflex No.2 c1906  
Holborn Reflex No.3 c1906-1908   Photo
Holborn Reflex No.3e c1906-1908  
King c1905-1909   Photo
Klito No.0 c1905-1919   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Klito No.00 (A) c1905-1919  
Klito No.00 (B) c1905-1919   Collection
Klito No.000 c1913-1919  
Klito No.1 c1905-1919   PhotoCommentsCollection
Klito No.1A c1905-1919   Photo
Klito No.2 c1905-1919   Photo
Klito No.2A c1905-1919  
Klito No.2B c1911   Rarity indexCommentsCollection
Klito No.2V c1910  
Klito No.3 c1905-1919   Photo
Klito No.3A c1911  
Klito No.4 c1905-1919  
Klito No.6 c1905-1919   PhotoCollection
Klito No.6V c1910  
Klito No.6X c1910  
Klito No.7 c1905-1919  
Klito No.9 c1905   Photo
Klito No.9A c1905  
Mascot No.1 c1905-1919   Photo
Mascot No.1A c1905-1919  
Mascot No.2 c1905-1919   Collection
Mascot No.2A c1905-1919  
Mascot No.3 c1905-1919   Photo
Mascot No.4 c1905-1919   Photo
May Fair (box) c1930   PhotoRarity indexCollection
May Fair (folding) c1930   PhotoCollection
Planet c1905-1906   Photo
Pocket Ensign 2 1/4 B c1960s   Manual
Pocket Klito c1905-1906   Photo
Popular Ensignette c1922  
Royal Ensign c1905   Photo
Royal Mail Stereolette c1900s  
Sanderson Junior c1903-1910   Photo
Sanderson Junior Hand & Stand 1903   Photo
Scout (A) c1905-1906   Photo
Scout (B) c1905-1906   Photo
Shuttle c1892   Photo
Smyth's Stereo Hand Camera c1902-1903   Photo
Snapper c1953   PhotoCollection
Standard Ensign c1909-1911  
Stereo Holborn-Ilex 14 c1905-1906   Photo
Stereo Holborn-Ilex 14b c1905-1906   Photo
Stereo Klito c1890s-1900s   Photo
Sylvar c1909-1921   PhotoCollection
Tailboard Camera 1880s   Photo
Ticka Watch 1905-1914   PhotochartRarity indexManualCollectionWishlist
Ticka Watch (brass) 1905-1914   Photo
Ticka Watch Focal Plane 1905-1914   PhotoRarity index
Ticka Watch silver 1905-1914   Photo
Ticka Watch-Face 1912   PhotochartRarity index
Triad c1895-1897   Photo
Tudor c1905-1908   PhotoRarity indexCollection
Twin Lens Reflex (TLR) Prototype c1955   Photo
Vest Pocket Ensign c1923   PhotoRarity indexManualCollection
Victo (Triple Victo) c1900s   PhotochartRarity indexCollection
Victo Stereo (Triple Victo Stereo) c1900s   PhotoCollection
Victo Superbe c1912-1914   PhotoCollection
Victo Tropen (Tropical) c1908   Photo
Watch Pocket Carbine c1926-1930s   Collection
Watch Pocket Carbine Tropen (Tropical) c1926-1930s  
Zyno c1905   Photo

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comments CB Member Comments Available
Rarity index Raity index available
collection Camera Featured in the CB Member Collections
wishlist Camera is in the CB Member Wishlist
for_sale Camera is in the CB Member For Sale list